A rainy green island, red-haired residents with immense drinking resistance or strange music and sports preferences - there are enough clichés about Ireland and its capital Dublin. This contrasts with the factual data, on the basis of which the eventful, more than thousand-year history of the city can only be guessed. Dublin was founded by the Vikings in the 9th century. With a population of just over 500,000, Dublin represents a ninth of the total population of Ireland. The minimum annual average temperature is 6.4 degrees; the climate in Dublin is maritime and comparatively balanced over the course of the year. The city name is derived from the Irish “Duibhlinn” or “Dubh Linn” (Black Pond); this name referred to one of the two original districts. In Ireland the city is also called “Baile Átha Cliath”. Dublin was the capital of Ireland (Eire) for the first time in 1541; it has been the capital of the Free State of Ireland since 1922 and the Republic of Ireland since 1949. The breweries for which Dublin is famous are still among the city's main employers. Dublin has developed economically into one of the most attractive areas for companies from the IT, pharmaceutical and financial services sectors. Dublin is located in the east of the Republic of Ireland directly on the banks of the River Liffey in Dublin Bay. James Joyce, Ray Garvey and Colin Farrell are just a tiny part of the list of famous Dubliners from art and culture.

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